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Simla Agreement 1972 Upsc

By March 27, 2023No Comments2 min read

The Simla Agreement of 1972 is a significant treaty between India and Pakistan that marked the end of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. This agreement was signed on July 2, 1972, by former Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, and former President of Pakistan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, in the city of Simla, India. The Simla Agreement aimed to resolve the long-standing territorial dispute between India and Pakistan over the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

The Simla Agreement 1972 Upsc is an important topic for aspirants of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) exam. In this article, we will discuss the key features of the agreement and its impact on India-Pakistan relations.

Key features of the Simla Agreement:

1. Ceasefire: The Simla Agreement called for an immediate ceasefire between India and Pakistan, which came into effect on December 17, 1971.

2. Repatriation of prisoners of war: The agreement provided for the repatriation of all prisoners of war and civilians within 90 days of the ceasefire.

3. Kashmir issue: The Simla Agreement stated that the Kashmir issue would be resolved through bilateral talks between India and Pakistan, without the involvement of any third party.

4. Line of Control: The agreement established a new Line of Control between the Indian-administered Kashmir and the Pakistani-administered Kashmir, which is still in effect today.

Impact of the Simla Agreement:

The Simla Agreement of 1972 had significant implications for India-Pakistan relations. It marked the end of one of the deadliest wars between the two nations and paved the way for the normalization of bilateral ties. The agreement also established a framework for future talks between the two nations, which continue to this day.

However, despite the Simla Agreement, the Kashmir issue remains unresolved, and tensions between India and Pakistan continue to simmer. In recent years, cross-border terrorism, ceasefire violations, and territorial disputes have further strained the relationship between the two nations.


The Simla Agreement of 1972 was a significant milestone in India-Pakistan relations. It marked the end of a bloody war and paved the way for future dialogue between the two nations. However, the unresolved Kashmir issue and continued hostilities between the two countries highlight the need for continued dialogue and diplomatic efforts to maintain peace in the region. Aspirants of the UPSC exam should have a thorough understanding of the Simla Agreement and its impact on India-Pakistan relations.


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